August 11, 2017
A version of this article recently appeared on Production Hub’s blog. They are an industry internet resource for “professionals behind-the-scenes in media and entertainment.” They describe themselves as “the global network of local crew & vendors.”
How many of you have you ever hired an architect? I asked this question in a presentation on Video Marketing I gave recently to the Public Relations Society of America (PRSA). Only one person in the audience raised their hand. I wasn’t surprised. I asked the question because I thought I knew what an architect did until I actually hired one and then I found out that (just like directors) architects do all sorts of things I never thought they did. Early on in my career an architect pulled me aside and explained to me that many people who wanted to hire me, have no real idea what it is I actually do? He suggested I include a worksheet outlining my process in my marketing materials and I’ve found it to be a really valuable roadmap for clients to better understand how we work together.
Architects come in all sorts of flavors and most of them are not the “starchitects” we think of when we imagine how it must have been to work with someone like Frank Lloyd Wright. Likewise, film directors specialize in all sorts of things and very few act like Otto Preminger or Alfred Hitchcock. So, when you are planning to hire a director the first thing you need to do is figure out what you really want them to do? In order to do that (especially if you have never done this before) you need to better understand the filmmaking process. The better you understand the steps in the process the easier it will be to define what you actually need from your director.
Broadly speaking, filmmaking breaks down into three basic parts: 1. Pre-Production – which is the part that proceeds shooting, 2. Production – the shooting phase and, 3. Post-Production – the editing phase. In some ways you can think of this like making dinner. Pre-production is the meal planning and figuring out what you need for the recipes you plan to make. Production is shopping (gathering the assets you are going to need) and Post-Production is cooking or (editing your ingredients down) to create something delicious.
Pre-Production is where you plan the project. This includes your strategic plan, budget, scriptwriting, scheduling and distribution plan. This is also the part where you assemble the production team for your project. Public Relations and Advertising Agencies and Corporate Communications Departments often do these sorts of tasks in-house and will hire a director once the project has been well-defined. Depending on who you are and what you do, you may or may not need help with all this. If you haven’t done it before you want to hire a director to help facilitate all these activities. Generally speaking, directors enjoy collaborating as much possible on a project and the good ones will adapt their skill set to complement your resources and the skills of your colleagues. It is a good idea to involve a director sooner rather than later in the process. Good directors will ask you questions about all these activities and collaborate with you on perfecting them.
Production is the actual shooting of film or videotaping. This is the “lights-camera-action!” part that most people think of when they think of directing. In fact, this is less than a third of what a director does. Any good director will tell you it is in pre-production where most of the decisions are made to keep the production phase going smoothly. We like to aim before we shoot and most of us spend a lot more time planning and doing pre-pro than we do being on set. Back to the architect analogy, it is pretty dumb (and expensive) to design the building, and constantly change your mind, while you are actually under construction.
Post-production is where the director’s supervisory skills really shine. Filmmaking is a team sport. Very few people build buildings or make movies by themselves. It is often the architect’s job to supervise the construction and keep it on track. Same with the director. These days almost anything is possible in post-production but it all comes with a price tag. Your director can help you avoid costly mistakes all the way through the process but it is in post-production where visions (and strategies) get realized on the screen. To use another analogy, you can have the best ingredients in the world but if the chef is not paying close attention, it is easy to burn dinner and have it all go to waste.
As a word of final advice, In Hollywood, they say that “casting is everything.” When you cast the movie right, everything seems to fall into place. So what advice should you follow when it comes to casting the right director for your project? I would approach this the same way you might if you could choose who would sit next to you on a long transatlantic flight. You would want someone personable and respectful. You want someone who listens and really engages you in balanced conversation. You’d want someone who was a good communicator but also someone who was not self-absorbed, egotistical or annoying. In these sorts of things, where you are going to be working alongside someone on a project important to you and your clients, it is always a good idea to hire someone who puts you at ease and gives you a feeling of being trustworthy and considerate. In short, you want someone with a great portfolio of work who also has good people skills.
It is said, you never really know someone unless you’ve had the chance to travel with them. By evaluating the preliminary interactions you have with potential directors, and trusting your gut, you can decide which of your candidates deserves further research and investigation. One of my colleagues, a highly respected music producer, reminds me (see comments below) that the gut check is no substitute for thorough research. By doing your homework you will find an effective and enjoyable collaborator for all the phases of your creative journey together.
Tom Ball lives in Boston and is a six time Emmy Award-winning producer and director who runs TELOS Productions which is widely recognized for artistically driven expert storytelling in documentary and commercial projects.